Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||15 January 2020|
Upgraded antennas for pulsar observations in the Argentine Institute of Radio astronomy
Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomía (IAR), C.C. No. 5, 1894 Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation, School of Mathematical Sciences, Rochester Institute of Technology, 85 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
3 Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque, B1900FWA La Plata, Argentina
4 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 Groningen, The Netherlands
Accepted: 29 November 2019
Context. The Argentine Institute of Radio astronomy (IAR) is equipped with two single-dish 30 m radio antennas capable of performing daily observations of pulsars and radio transients in the southern hemisphere at 1.4 GHz.
Aims. We aim to introduce to the international community the upgrades performed and to show that the IAR observatory has become suitable for investigations in numerous areas of pulsar radio astronomy, such as pulsar timing arrays, targeted searches of continuous gravitational waves sources, monitoring of magnetars and glitching pulsars, and studies of a short time scale interstellar scintillation.
Methods. We refurbished the two antennas at IAR to achieve high-quality timing observations. We gathered more than 1000 h of observations with both antennas in order to study the timing precision and sensitivity they can achieve.
Results. We introduce the new developments for both radio telescopes at IAR. We present daily observations of the millisecond pulsar J0437−4715 with timing precision better than 1 μs. We also present a follow-up of the reactivation of the magnetar XTE J1810–197 and the measurement and monitoring of the latest (Feb. 1, 2019) glitch of the Vela pulsar (J0835–4510).
Conclusions. We show that IAR is capable of performing pulsar monitoring in the 1.4 GHz radio band for long periods of time with a daily cadence. This opens up the possibility of pursuing several goals in pulsar science, including coordinated multi-wavelength observations with other observatories. In particular, daily observations of the millisecond pulsar J0437−4715 would increase the sensitivity of pulsar timing arrays. We also show IAR’s great potential for studying targets of opportunity and transient phenomena, such as magnetars, glitches, and fast-radio-burst sources.
Key words: instrumentation: detectors / methods: observational / pulsars: general / telescopes
© ESO 2020
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