Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||28 November 2019|
Observational signatures of the third harmonic in a decaying kink oscillation of a coronal loop
Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, CV4 7AL Coventry, UK
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
3 Centre for Mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, Mathematics Department, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B bus 2400, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
Accepted: 28 October 2019
Aims. An observation of a coronal loop standing kink mode is analysed to search for higher harmonics, aiming to reveal the relation between different harmonics’ quality factors.
Methods. Observations of a coronal loop were taken by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) of the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). The loop’s axis was tracked at many spatial positions along the loop to generate time series data.
Results. The distribution of spectral power of the oscillatory transverse displacements throughout the loop reveals the presence of two harmonics, a fundamental at a period of ∼8 min and its third harmonic at ∼2.6 min. The node of the third harmonic is seen at approximately a third of the way along the length of the loop, and cross correlations between the oscillatory motion on opposing sides of the node show a change in phase behaviour. The ratio of periods P1/3P3 was found to be ∼0.87, indicating a non-uniform distribution of kink speed through the loop. The quality factor for the fundamental mode of oscillation was measured to be ∼3.4. The quality factor of the third harmonic was measured for each spatial location and, where data was reliable, yielded a value of ∼3.6. For all locations, the quality factors for the two harmonics were found to agree within error as expected from 1d resonant absorption theory. This is the first time a measurement of the signal quality for a higher harmonic of a kink oscillation has been reported with spatially resolved data.
Key words: magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / Sun: corona / Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: oscillations / waves
© ESO 2019
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