Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||17 December 2019|
Comparison of counterstreaming suprathermal electron signatures of ICMEs with and without magnetic cloud: are all ICMEs flux ropes?
Institute of Space Physics, Luoyang Normal University, Luoyang 471934, PR China
Accepted: 13 November 2019
Context. Magnetic clouds (MCs), as in large-scale interplanetary magnetic flux ropes, are usually still connected to the Sun at both ends near 1 AU. Many researchers believe that all nonMC interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) also have magnetic flux rope structures, which are inconspicuous because the observing spacecraft crosses the flanks of the rope structures. If so, the field lines of nonMC ICMEs should also usually be connected to the Sun at both ends.
Aims. We want to know whether or not the field lines of most nonMC ICMEs are still connected to the Sun at both ends.
Methods. This study examined the counterstreaming suprathermal electron (CSE) signatures of 272 ICMEs observed by the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) spacecraft from 1998 to 2008 and compared the CSE signatures of MCs and nonMC ICMEs.
Results. Results show that only 10 of the 101 MC events (9.9% ) and 75 of the 171 nonMC events (43.9%) have no CSEs. Moreover, 21 of the nonMC ICMEs have high CSE percentages (more than 70%) and show relatively stable magnetic field components with slight rotations, which are in line with the expectations that the observing spacecraft passes through the flank of magnetic flux ropes. Therefore, the 21 events may be magnetic flux ropes but the ACE spacecraft passes through their flanks of magnetic flux ropes.
Conclusions. Considering that most other nonMC events have disordered magnetic fields, we suggest that some nonMC ICMEs inherently have disordered magnetic fields, and therefore no magnetic flux rope structures.
Key words: Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs) / solar wind
© J. Wang et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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