Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||03 December 2019|
Isochrone-cloud fitting of the extended main-sequence turn-off of young clusters⋆
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
4 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK
Accepted: 1 October 2019
Context. Extended main-sequence turn-offs (eMSTOs) are a commonly observed property of young clusters. A global theoretical interpretation for eMSTOs is still lacking, but stellar rotation is considered a necessary ingredient to explain eMSTOs.
Aims. We aim to assess the importance of core-boundary and envelope mixing in stellar interiors for the interpretation of eMSTOs in terms of one coeval population.
Methods. We constructed isochrone-clouds based on interior mixing profiles of stars with a convective core calibrated from asteroseismology of isolated galactic field stars. We fitted these isochrone-clouds to the measured eMSTO to estimate the age and core mass of the stars in the two young clusters NGC 1850 and NGC 884, assuming one coeval population and by fixing the metallicity to the one measured from spectroscopy. We assessed the correlations between the interior mixing properties of the cluster members and their rotational and pulsational properties.
Results. We find that stellar models based on asteroseismically-calibrated interior mixing profiles lead to enhanced core masses of eMSTO stars. Additionally, these models can explain a significant fraction of the observed eMSTOs of the two considered clusters in terms of one coeval population of stars, which have similar ages to those in the literature, given the large uncertainties. The rotational and pulsational properties of the stars in NGC 884 are not sufficiently well known to perform asteroseismic modelling as it is achieved for field stars from space photometry. The stars in NGC 884 for which we have v sin i and a few pulsation frequencies show no correlation between these properties and the core masses of the stars that set the cluster age.
Conclusions. Future cluster space asteroseismology may allow for the interpretation of the core masses in terms of the physical processes that cause them, based on the modelling of the interior mixing profiles for the individual member stars with suitable identified modes.
Key words: asteroseismology / stars: interiors / stars: oscillations / stars: rotation / galaxies: star clusters: general
Isochrone-cloud files are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/632/A74
© ESO 2019
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