Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||22 November 2019|
Growth and disruption in the Lyra complex
INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate, Italy
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
2 Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza, 3, 20126 Milano, Italy
3 INAF – IASF-Milano, Via E. Bassini 15, 20133 Milano, Italy
4 Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università degli Studi di Trieste, Italy
5 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
6 Fundación Galileo Galilei – INAF (Telescopio Nazionale Galileo), Rambla José Ana Fernández Perez 7, 38712 Breña Baja, La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain
7 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, C/Vía Láctea s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
8 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Bologna, Via P. Gobetti 93/2, 40129 Bologna, Italy
9 INAF – IRA, Via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
10 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
11 Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
12 Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, ch. d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
13 INAF, Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio, Via Pietro Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy
14 INFN, Sezione di Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna, Italy
15 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544-1001, USA
16 ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
Accepted: 2 October 2019
Context. Nearby clusters of galaxies, z ≲ 0.1, are cosmic structures still under formation. Understanding the thermodynamic properties of merging clusters can provide crucial information on how they grow in the local universe.
Aims. A detailed study of the intra-cluster medium (ICM) properties of un-relaxed systems is essential to understand the fate of in-falling structures and, more generally, the virialization process.
Methods. We analyzed a mosaic of XMM-Newton observations (240 ks) of the Lyra system (z ∼ 0.067) that shows a complex dynamical state.
Results. We find the main cluster RXC J1825.3+3026 to be in a late merger phase, whereas its companion CIZA J1824.1+3029 is a relaxed cool-core cluster. We estimate a mass ratio of ∼1 : 2 for the pair. No diffuse X-ray emission is found in the region between them, indicating that these clusters are in a pre-merger phase. We found evidence of a galaxy group infalling on RXC J1825.3+3026 in an advanced state of disruption. The SG, one of the brightest galaxies in the Lyra complex, was very likely at the center of the infalling group. This galaxy has a gaseous “corona” indicating that it was able to retain some of its gas after the ram-pressure stripping of the intra-group medium. In this scenario the diffuse emission excess observed southwest of RXC J1825.3+3026 could be due to gas once belonging to the group and/or to cluster ICM dislocated by the passage of the group. Finally, we identified three high-velocity galaxies aligned between RXC J1825.3+3026 and the SG, two of these showing evidence of gas stripped from them during infall. We estimate them to be currently falling onto the main cluster at an infall velocity of ∼3000 km s−1.
Conclusions. Our study of the Lyra complex provides important clues about the processes presiding over the virialization of massive clusters in the local Universe.
Key words: X-rays: galaxies: clusters / X-rays: individuals: RXC J1825.3+3016 / galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / X-rays: individuals: CIZA J1824.1+3029 / galaxies: clusters: general
© ESO 2019
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