Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||10 December 2019|
Ensemble asteroseismology of pulsating B-type stars in NGC 6910⋆
Instytut Astronomiczny, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Kopernika 11, 51-622 Wrocław, Poland
2 Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warszawa, Poland
3 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
4 Space Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kopernika 11, 51-622 Wrocław, Poland
5 Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, 100875 Beijing, PR China
6 National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, 100012 Beijing, PR China
7 Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
8 Nordic Optical Telescope, Rambla José Ana Fernández Pérez 7, 38711 San Antonio, Breña Baja, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
9 Space Sciences, Technologies and Astrophysics Research (STAR) Institute, Université de Liège, Quartier Agora, Allée du 6 Août 19c, Bât. B5C, 4000 Liège, Belgium
10 Département d’Astronomie, Université de Genève, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
11 Instituto de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de Valparaíso, Casilla 5030, Valparaíso, Chile
12 Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium
13 Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Accepted: 7 October 2019
Asteroseismology offers the possibility of probing stellar interiors and testing evolutionary and seismic models. Precise photometry and spectroscopy obtained during multi-site campaigns on young open clusters allows discovering rich samples of pulsating stars and using them in a simultaneous seismic modelling called ensemble asteroseismology. The aim of this study is to obtain the age of the open cluster NGC 6910 by means of ensemble asteroseismology of the early-type pulsating members, to derive their stellar parameters, and to classify the excited modes. We used time-series analysis, performed photometric and spectroscopic mode identification, and calculated grids of evolutionary and seismic models to apply the procedure of ensemble asteroseismology for nine pulsating members of NGC 6910. With two iterations of the procedure of ensemble asteroseismology applied to nine pulsating stars we derived an age of 10.6−0.8+0.9 Myr for NGC 6910. We also identified the degree l for 8 of 37 modes detected in these stars and classified all modes in terms of p, g, and mixed-mode pulsations. Of the nine pulsating stars examined in the paper, eight are β Cep stars, including three that are hybrid β Cep and slowly pulsating B-type (SPB) pulsators, and one is an SPB star. Interestingly, the least massive β Cep star, NGC 6910-38, has a mass of about 5.6 M⊙. The present theory does not predict unstable p modes in B-type stars with such a low mass. The g modes with relatively high frequencies (> 3.5 d−1), observed in three members of the cluster, are also stable according to seismic modelling. Both findings pose a challenge for theoretical calculations and prompt a revision of the opacities. The procedure of ensemble asteroseismology was found to be successful for NGC 6910 and χ Per on the basis of pulsating B-type stars and can therefore be applied to other young open clusters that are rich in such stars.
Key words: asteroseismology / stars: oscillations / stars: early-type / stars: fundamental parameters / open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 6910
The photometry presented in Sect. 3 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/632/A95
© ESO 2019
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