Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||25 November 2019|
Asymmetric shocks in χ Cygni observed with linear spectropolarimetry★
IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, CNES,
UPS. 14 Av. E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
2 Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
3 Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
4 LUPM, Université de Montpellier, CNRS, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier, France
5 Universidad de La Laguna, Departamento Astrofisica, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
6 Istituto Ricerche Solari Locarno, 6600 Locarno, Switzerland
7 Observatoire de Haute-Provence – CNRS/PYTHEAS/Université d’Aix-Marseille, 04870 Saint-Michel l’Observatoire, France
8 Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Bordeaux, Université Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France
Accepted: 5 September 2019
Aims. We derive information about the dynamics of the stellar photosphere, including pulsation, from a coherent interpretation of the linear polarisation detected in the spectral lines of the Mira star χ Cyg.
Methods. From spectropolarimetric observations of χ Cyg, we performed a careful analysis of the polarisation signals observed in atomic and molecular lines, both in absorption and emission, using radiative transfer in the context of polarisation produced through two mechanisms: intrinsic polarisation and continuum depolarisation. We also explain the observed line doubling phenomenon in terms of an expanding shell in spherical geometry, which allows us to pinpoint the coordinates over the stellar disc with enhanced polarisation.
Results. We find that the polarised spectrum of χ Cyg is dominated by intrinsic polarisation and has a negligible continuum depolarisation. The observed polarised signals can only be explained by assuming that this polarisation is locally enhanced by velocity fields. During the pulsation, radial velocities are not homogeneous over the disc. We map these regions of enhanced velocities.
Conclusions. We set an algorithm to distinguish the origin of this polarisation in any stellar spectra of linear polarisation and to find a way to increase the signal by coherently adding many lines with an appropriated weight. Applied to the Mira star χ Cyg, we reached the unexpected result that during the pulsation, velocities are radial but not homogeneous over the disc. The reason for these local velocity enhancements are probably related to the interplay between the atmospheric pulsation dynamics and the underlying stellar convection.
Key words: stars: variables: general / stars: imaging / techniques: polarimetric
© A. López Ariste et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.