Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||28 November 2019|
Fingerprinting the effects of hyperfine structure on CH and OH far infrared spectra using Wiener filter deconvolution★
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie,
Auf dem Hügel 69,
2 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdae-ro, 34055 Daejeon, Republic of Korea
Accepted: 17 October 2019
Context. Despite being a commonly observed feature, the modification of the velocity structure in spectral line profiles by hyperfine structure complicates the interpretation of spectroscopic data. This is particularly true for observations of simple molecules such as CH and OH toward the inner Galaxy, which show a great deal of velocity crowding.
Aims. In this paper, we investigate the influence of hyperfine splitting on complex spectral lines, with the aim of evaluating canonical abundances by decomposing their dependence on hyperfine structures. This is achieved from first principles through deconvolution.
Methods. We present high spectral resolution observations of the rotational ground state transitions of CH near 2 THz seen in absorption toward the strong FIR-continuum sources AGAL010.62 − 00.384, AGAL034.258+00.154, AGAL327.293 − 00.579, AGAL330.954 − 00.182, AGAL332.826 − 00.549, AGAL351.581 − 00.352 and SgrB2(M). These were observed with the GREAT instrument on board SOFIA. The observed line profiles of CH were deconvolved from the imprint left by the lines’ hyperfine structures using the Wiener filter deconvolution, an optimised kernel acting on direct deconvolution.
Results. The quantitative analysis of the deconvolved spectra first entails the computation of CH column densities. Reliable N(CH) values are of importance owing to the status of CH as a powerful tracer for H2 in the diffuse regions of the interstellar medium. The N(OH)/N(CH) column density ratio is found to vary within an order of magnitude with values ranging from one to 10, for the individual sources that are located outside the Galactic centre. Using CH as a surrogate for H2, we determined the abundance of the OH molecule to be X(OH) = 1.09 × 10−7 with respect to H2. The radial distribution of CH column densities along the sightlines probed in this study, excluding SgrB2(M), showcase a dual peaked distribution peaking between 5 and 7 kpc. The similarity between the correspondingly derived column density profile of H2 with that of the CO-dark H2 gas traced by the cold neutral medium component of [CII] 158 μm emission across the Galactic plane, further emphasises the use of CH as a tracer for H2.
Key words: ISM: abundances / ISM: clouds / ISM: lines and bands / ISM: molecules / methods: data analysis
The reduced observed spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/632/A60
© A. M. Jacob et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
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