Volume 631, November 2019
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||15 October 2019|
GALACTICNUCLEUS: A high-angular-resolution JHKs imaging survey of the Galactic centre
II. First data release of the catalogue and the most detailed CMDs of the GC⋆
Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
2 Centro Astronómico Hispano-Alemán (CSIC-MPG), Observatorio Astronómico de Calar Alto, Sierra de los Filabres, 04550 Gérgal, Almería, Spain
3 Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
4 Miyagi University of Education, Aoba-ku 980-0845, Sendai, Japan
5 Departamento de Astrofísica, Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Ctra. Torrejón a Ajalvir km 4, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Spain
6 Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Accepted: 11 August 2019
Context. The high extinction and extreme source crowding of the central regions of the Milky Way are serious obstacles to the study of the structure and stellar population of the Galactic centre (GC). Existing surveys that cover the GC region (2MASS, UKIDSS, VVV, SIRIUS) do not have the necessary high angular resolution. Therefore, a high-angular-resolution survey in the near infrared is crucial to improve the state of the art.
Aims. Here, we present the GALACTICNUCLEUS catalogue, a near infrared JHKs high-angular-resolution (0.2″) survey of the nuclear bulge of the Milky Way.
Methods. We explain in detail the data reduction, data analysis, calibration, and uncertainty estimation of the GALACTICNUCLEUS survey. We assess the data quality comparing our results with previous surveys.
Results. We obtained accurate JHKs photometry for ∼3.3 × 106 stars in the GC detecting around 20% in J, 65% in H, and 90% in Ks. The survey covers a total area of ∼0.3 deg2, which corresponds to ∼6000 pc2. The GALACTICNUCLEUS survey reaches 5σ detections for J ∼ 22 mag, H ∼ 21 mag, and Ks ∼ 21 mag. The uncertainties are below 0.05 mag at J ∼ 21 mag, H ∼ 19 mag, and Ks ∼ 18 mag. The zero point systematic uncertainty is ≲0.04 mag in all three bands. We present colour–magnitude diagrams for the different regions covered by the survey.
Key words: Galaxy: center / Galaxy: bulge / Galaxy: structure / stars: horizontal-branch / dust / extinction
The catalogues described in this paper and specified in Table 1 are only at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/631/A20. The catalogues follow the structure presented in Table 2.
© ESO 2019
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