Volume 631, November 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||11 October 2019|
Bondi accretion for adiabatic flows onto a massive black hole with an accretion disc
The one dimensional problem
Environmental Physics Laboratory (EPHYSLAB), Facultad de Ciencias, Campus de Ourense, Universidad de Vigo, Ourense 32004, Spain
2 School of Physical Sciences and Nanotechnology, Yachay Tech University, 100119 Urcuqui, Ecuador
3 Área de Física de Procesos Irreversibles, Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco (UAM-A), Av. San Pablo 180, 02200 Ciudad de México, Mexico
4 Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e Ingenierías, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo (UAEH), Ciudad Universitaria, Carretera Pachuca-Tulancingo km. 4.5 s/n, Colonia Carboneras, Mineral de la Reforma, CP 42184 Hidalgo, Mexico
5 Departamento de Física, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ), Carretera México-Toluca km. 36.5, La Marquesa, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de México, Mexico
Accepted: 5 September 2019
We present the classical Bondi accretion theory for the case of non-isothermal accretion processes onto a supermassive black hole (SMBH), including the effects of X-ray heating and the radiation force due to electron scattering and spectral lines. The radiation field is calculated by considering an optically thick, geometrically thin, standard accretion disc as the emitter of UV photons and a spherical central object as a source of X-ray emission. In our analysis, the UV emission from the accretion disc is assumed to have an angular dependence, and the X-ray radiation from the central object is assumed to be isotropic. This allows us to build streamlines in any angular direction. The influence of both types of radiation is evaluated for different flux fractions of the X-ray and UV emissions with and without the effects of spectral line driving. We find that the radiation emitted near the SMBH interacts with the infalling matter and modifies the accretion dynamics. In the presence of line driving, a transition takes place from pure type 1 and 2 to type 5 solutions, which takes place regardless of whether the UV emission dominates the X-ray emission. We computed the radiative factors at which this transition occurs, and discard type 5 solution from all our models. We also provide estimated values of the accretion radius and accretion rate in terms of the classical Bondi values. The results are useful for constructing proper initial conditions for time-dependent hydrodynamical simulations of accretion flows onto SMBHs at the centre of galaxies.
Key words: accretion / accretion disks / black hole physics / gravitation / hydrodynamics / line: formation / radiation: dynamics
© ESO 2019
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