Volume 630, October 2019
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||23 September 2019|
Department of Physics,
PO Box 64, University of Helsinki,
2 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea
3 East Asian Observatory, 660 North A’ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
4 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
5 Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, PO Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
6 Department of Astronomy, Peking University, Beijing 100871, PR China
7 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
8 Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, 5 Yiheyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100871, PR China
9 Centre for Astrophysics Research, School of Physics Astronomy & Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
Accepted: 5 July 2019
Context. We present molecular line and dust continuum observations of a Planck-detected cold cloud, G074.11+00.11. The cloud consists of a system of curved filaments and a central star-forming clump. The clump is associated with several infrared sources and H2O maser emission.
Aims. We aim to determine the mass distribution and gas dynamics within the clump to investigate if the filamentary structure seen around the clump repeats itself on a smaller scale, and to estimate the fractions of mass contained in dense cores and filaments. The velocity distribution of pristine dense gas can be used to investigate the global dynamical state of the clump, the role of filamentary inflows, filament fragmentation, and core accretion.
Methods. We used molecular line and continuum observations from single dish observatories and interferometric facilities to study the kinematics of the region.
Results. The molecular line observations show that the central clump may have formed as a result of a large-scale filament collision. The central clump contains three compact cores. Assuming a distance of 2.3 kpc, based on Gaia observations and a three-dimensional extinction method of background stars, the mass of the central clump exceeds 700 M⊙, which is roughly ~25% of the total mass of the cloud. Our virial analysis suggests that the central clump and all identified substructures are collapsing. We find no evidence for small-scale filaments associated with the cores.
Conclusions. Our observations indicate that the clump is fragmented into three cores with masses in the range [10, 50] M⊙ and that all three are collapsing. The presence of an H2O maser emission suggests active star formation. However, the CO lines show only weak signs of outflows. We suggest that the region is young and any processes leading to star formation have just recently begun.
Key words: ISM: clouds / ISM: kinematics and dynamics / ISM: structure
The reduced radio datacubes and spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/630/A69
© ESO 2019
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