Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||22 August 2019|
Letter to the Editor
Close-in giant-planet formation via in-situ gas accretion and their natal disk properties
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
2 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Accepted: 28 July 2019
Aims. The origin of close-in Jovian planets is still elusive. We examine the in-situ gas accretion scenario as a formation mechanism of these planets.
Methods. We reconstruct natal disk properties from the occurrence rate distribution of close-in giant planets, under the assumption that the occurrence rate may reflect the gas accretion efficiency onto cores of these planets.
Results. We find that the resulting gas surface density profile becomes an increasing function of the distance from the central star with some structure at r ≃ 0.1 au. This profile is quite different from the standard minimum-mass solar nebula model, while our profile leads to better reproduction of the population of observed close-in super-Earths based on previous studies. We compute the resulting magnetic field profiles and find that our profiles can be fitted by stellar dipole fields (∝r−3) in the vicinity of the central star and large-scale fields (∝r−2) at the inner disk regions, either if the isothermal assumption breaks down or if nonideal magnetohydrodynamic effects become important. For both cases, the transition between these two profiles occurs at r ≃ 0.1 au, which corresponds to the period valley of giant exoplanets.
Conclusions. Our work provides an opportunity to test the in-situ gas accretion scenario against disk quantities, which may constrain the gas distribution of the minimum-mass extrasolar nebula.
Key words: accretion / accretion disks / magnetic fields / turbulence / protoplanetary disks / planets and satellites: formation / planets and satellites: gaseous planets
© ESO 2019
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