Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Published online||12 September 2019|
A telescope-ready approach for modal compensation of pyramid wavefront sensor optical gain
LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Univ. Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
Accepted: 27 July 2019
The pyramid wavefront sensor (PWFS) is the currently preferred design for high-sensitivity adaptive optics (AO) systems for extremely large telescopes (ELTs). Yet, nonlinearities of the signal retrieved from the PWFS pose a significant problem for achieving the full correction potential using this sensor, a problem that will only worsen with the increasing dimension of telescopes. This paper investigates the so-called optical gain (OG) phenomenon, a sensitivity reduction and an overall modification of the sensor response induced by the residual wavefront itself, with considerable effects in standard observation conditions for ELT-sized AO systems. Through extensive numerical analysis, this work proposes a formalism to measure and minimize the first-order nonlinearity error caused by optical gain variation, which uses a modal compensation technique of the calibrated reconstructor; this enables a notable increase in performance in faint guide stars or important seeing scenarios, for example from 16 to 30% H-band Strehl ratio for a sixteenth magnitude star in r0 = 13 cm turbulence. Beyond the performance demonstrated by this compensation, a complete algorithm for realistic operation conditions is designed, which from dithering a few deformable mirror modes retrieves the optimal gains and updates the command matrix accordingly. The performance of this self-updating technique – which successfully allows automatic OG compensation regardless of the turbulent conditions, and its minimal interference with the scientific instrument are demonstrated through extensive end-to-end numerical simulations, all at the scale of an ELT instrument single-conjugate AO system.
Key words: instrumentation: adaptive optics / techniques: high angular resolution / telescopes
© V. Deo et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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