Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||10 September 2019|
Exploring the multiphase medium in MKW 08: from the central active galaxy up to cluster scales
Department of Physics, Boğaziçi University, Bebek 34342, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Physics, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
3 Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
4 NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
5 INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monteporzio Catone, Italy
6 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544-1001, USA
7 INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via Brera 28, 20121 Milan, Italy
Accepted: 16 August 2019
Context. The study of the brightest cluster galaxy (BCG) coronae embedded in noncool core (NCC) galaxy clusters is crucial to understand the BCG’s role in galaxy cluster evolution as well as the activation of the self-regulated cooling and heating mechanism in the central regions of galaxy clusters.
Aims. We explore the X-ray properties of the intracluster medium (ICM) of the NCC galaxy cluster MKW 08 and the BCG corona, along with their interface region. With recent and deep archival Chandra observations, we study the BCG corona in detail, and with archival XMM-Newton observations, we investigate the implications of the central active galactic nuclei (AGN) on the BCG.
Methods. We carry out imaging and spectral analyses of MKW 08 with archival XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray observations.
Results. Our spectral analysis suggests the presence of a central AGN by a power-law with a photon index of Γ ≃ 1.8 at the core of its BCG. Although the ICM does not exhibit a cluster scale cool core, the BCG manifests itself as a mini cool core characterized by a cooling time as short as 64 Myr at r = 3 kpc centered at the galaxy. The isothermality of the BCG corona seems to favor mechanical feedback from the central AGN as the major source of gas heating. The gas pressure profile of this mini cool core suggests that the BCG coronal gas reaches pressure equilibrium with the hotter and less dense ICM inside an interface of nearly constant pressure, delimited by radii 4 ≤ r ≤ 10 kpc at the galactic center. As revealed by the presence of a metal enriched tail (Z ≃ 0.5–0.9 Z⊙) extending up to 40 kpc, the BCG corona seems to be experiencing ram-pressure stripping by the surrounding ICM and/or interacting with a nearby galaxy, IC 1042.
Key words: X-rays: galaxies: clusters / galaxies: individual: NGC 5718 / galaxies: clusters: individual: MKW 08 / galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
© ESO 2019
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