Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||10 September 2019|
Baryon acoustic oscillations from the cross-correlation of Lyα absorption and quasars in eBOSS DR14
Aix Marseille Univ., CNRS, CNES, LAM, Marseille, France
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, 115 S. 1400 E., Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
3 Sorbonne Université, CNRS/IN2P3, Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies, LPNHE, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris, France
4 IRFU, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
5 Institute of Cosmology & Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Dennis Sciama Building, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK
6 University College London, Gower St, Kings Cross, WC1E 6BT London, UK
7 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
8 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave. W., Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
9 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
10 Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
11 Brookhaven National Laboratory, 2 Center Road, Upton, NY 11973, USA
Accepted: 22 July 2019
We present a measurement of the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) scale at redshift z = 2.35 from the three-dimensional correlation of Lyman-α (Lyα) forest absorption and quasars. The study uses 266 590 quasars in the redshift range 1.77 < z < 3.5 from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 14 (DR14). The sample includes the first two years of observations by the SDSS-IV extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS), providing new quasars and re-observations of BOSS quasars for improved statistical precision. Statistics are further improved by including Lyα absorption occurring in the Lyβ wavelength band of the spectra. From the measured BAO peak position along and across the line of sight, we determined the Hubble distance DH and the comoving angular diameter distance DM relative to the sound horizon at the drag epoch rd: DH(z = 2.35)/rd = 9.20 ± 0.36 and DM(z = 2.35)/rd = 36.3 ± 1.8. These results are consistent at 1.5σ with the prediction of the best-fit spatially-flat cosmological model with the cosmological constant reported for the Planck (2016) analysis of cosmic microwave background anisotropies. Combined with the Lyα auto-correlation measurement presented in a companion paper, the BAO measurements at z = 2.34 are within 1.7σ of the predictions of this model.
Key words: large-scale structure of Universe / dark energy / cosmological parameters / cosmology: observations / quasars: absorption lines
© M. Blomqvist et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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