Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||03 September 2019|
Breaking cosmic degeneracies: Disentangling neutrinos and modified gravity with kinematic information
Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Physics, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
2 Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
3 Universitäts-Sternwarte, Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679 München, Germany
4 Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
5 Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, Postboks 1029, Blindern 0315, Oslo, Norway
6 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna, Via Gobetti 93/1, 40129 Bologna, Italy
7 Astrophysics and Space Science Observatory Bologna, Via Gobetti 93/2, 40129 Bologna, Italy
8 INFN – Sezione di Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 13 May 2019
Searches for modified gravity in the large-scale structure try to detect the enhanced amplitude of density fluctuations caused by the fifth force present in many of these theories. Neutrinos, on the other hand, suppress structure growth below their free-streaming length. Both effects take place on comparable scales, and uncertainty in the neutrino mass leads to a degeneracy with modified gravity parameters for probes that are measuring the amplitude of the matter power spectrum. We explore the possibility to break the degeneracy between modified gravity and neutrino effects in the growth of structures by considering kinematic information related to either the growth rate on large scales or the virial velocities inside of collapsed structures. In order to study the degeneracy up to fully non-linear scales, we employ a suite of N-body simulations including both f(R) modified gravity and massive neutrinos. Our results indicate that velocity information provides an excellent tool to distinguish massive neutrinos from modified gravity. Models with different values of neutrino masses and modified gravity parameters possessing a comparable matter power spectrum at a given time have different growth rates. This leaves imprints in the velocity divergence, which is therefore better suited than the amplitude of density fluctuations to tell the models apart. In such models with a power spectrum comparable to ΛCDM today, the growth rate is strictly enhanced. We also find the velocity dispersion of virialised clusters to be well suited to constrain deviations from general relativity without being affected by the uncertainty in the sum of neutrino masses.
Key words: large-scale structure of Universe / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
© ESO 2019
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