Volume 628, August 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||20 August 2019|
Damping of slow magnetoacoustic oscillations by the misbalance between heating and cooling processes in the solar corona
Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, CV4 7AL Coventry, UK
2 St. Petersburg Branch, Special Astrophysical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences, 196140 St. Petersburg, Russia
3 Samara National Research University, Department of Physics, Samara 443086, Russia
4 Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Samara Branch, Department of Theoretical Physics, Russia
Accepted: 16 July 2019
Context. Rapidly decaying slow magnetoacoustic waves are regularly observed in the solar coronal structures, offering a promising tool for a seismological diagnostics of the coronal plasma, including its thermodynamical properties.
Aims. The effect of damping of standing slow magnetoacoustic oscillations in the solar coronal loops is investigated accounting for field-aligned thermal conductivity and a wave-induced misbalance between radiative cooling and some unspecified heating rates.
Methods. The non-adiabatic terms were allowed to be arbitrarily large, corresponding to the observed values. The thermal conductivity was taken in its classical form, and a power-law dependence of the heating function on the density and temperature was assumed. The analysis was conducted in the linear regime and in the infinite magnetic field approximation.
Results. The wave dynamics is found to be highly sensitive to the characteristic timescales of the thermal misbalance. Depending on certain values of the misbalance, timescales three regimes of the wave evolution were identified, namely the regime of a suppressed damping, enhanced damping in which the damping rate drops down to observational values, and acoustic over-stability. The specific regime is determined by the dependences of the radiative cooling and heating functions on thermodynamical parameters of the plasma in the vicinity of the perturbed thermal equilibrium.
Conclusions. The comparison of the observed and theoretically derived decay times and oscillation periods allows us to constrain the coronal heating function. For typical coronal parameters, the observed properties of standing slow magnetoacoustic oscillations could be readily reproduced with a reasonable choice of the heating function.
Key words: Sun: oscillations / waves / radiation mechanisms: thermal
© ESO 2019
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