Volume 627, July 2019
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||27 June 2019|
The effects of ionization feedback on star formation: a case study of the M 16 H II region★
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
2 Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM, Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Marseille, France
3 Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, PR China
4 Tibet University, Lhasa, Tibet 850000, PR China
5 Purple Mountain Observatory, Qinghai Station, Delingha 817000, PR China
6 CAS Key Laboratory of FAST, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, PR China
7 Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PR China
Accepted: 5 May 2019
Aims. We aim to investigate the impact of the ionized radiation from the M 16 H II region on the surrounding molecular cloud and on its hosted star formation.
Methods. To present comprehensive multi-wavelength observations towards the M 16 H II region, we used new CO data and existing infrared, optical, and submillimeter data. The 12CO J = 1−0, 13CO J = 1−0, and C18O J = 1−0 data were obtained with the Purple Mountain Observatory (PMO) 13.7 m radio telescope. To trace massive clumps and extract young stellar objects (YSOs) associated with the M 16 H II region, we used the ATLASGAL and GLIMPSE I catalogs, respectively.
Results. From CO data, we discern a large-scale filament with three velocity components. Because these three components overlap with each other in both velocity and space, the filament may be made of three layers. The M 16 ionized gas interacts with the large-scale filament and has reshaped its structure. In the large-scale filament, we find 51 compact cores from the ATLASGAL catalog, 20 of them being quiescent. The mean excitation temperature of these cores is 22.5 K, while this is 22.2 K for the quiescent cores. This high temperature observed for the quiescent cores suggests that the cores may be heated by M 16 and do not experience internal heating from sources in the cores. Through the relationship between the mass and radius of these cores, we obtain that 45% of all the cores are massive enough to potentially form massive stars. Compared with the thermal motion, the turbulence created by the nonthermal motion is responsible for the core formation. For the pillars observed towards M 16, the H II region may give rise to the strong turbulence.
Key words: HII regions / ISM: clouds / stars: formation
CO data (FITS format) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/627/A27
© ESO 2019
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