Volume 624, April 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||26 April 2019|
Sensitivity of Type Ia supernovae to electron capture rates
E.T.S. Arquitectura del Vallès, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Carrer Pere Serra 1-15, 08173 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain
Accepted: 8 March 2019
The thermonuclear explosion of massive white dwarfs is believed to explain at least a fraction of Type Ia supernovae (SNIa). After thermal runaway, electron captures on the ashes left behind by the burning front determine a loss of pressure, which impacts the dynamics of the explosion and the neutron excess of matter. Indeed, overproduction of neutron-rich species such as 54Cr has been deemed a problem of Chandrasekhar-mass models of SNIa for a long time. I present the results of a sensitivity study of SNIa models to the rates of weak interactions, which have been incorporated directly into the hydrodynamic explosion code. The weak rates have been scaled up or down by a factor ten, either globally for a common bibliographical source, or individually for selected isotopes. In line with previous works, the impact of weak rates uncertainties on sub-Chandrasekhar models of SNIa is almost negligible. The impact on the dynamics of Chandrasekhar-mass models and on the yield of 56Ni is also scarce. The strongest effect is found on the nucleosynthesis of neutron-rich nuclei, such as 48Ca, 54Cr, 58Fe, and 64Ni. The species with the highest influence on nucleosynthesis do not coincide with the isotopes that contribute most to the neutronization of matter. Among the latter, there are protons, 54, 55Fe, 55Co, and 56Ni, while the main influencers are 54, 55Mn and 55 − 57Fe, in disagreement with Parikh et al (2013, A&A, 557, A3), who found that SNIa nucleosynthesis is most sensitive to the β+-decay rates of 28Si, 32S, and 36Ar. An increase in all weak rates on pf-shell nuclei would affect the dynamical evolution of burning bubbles at the beginning of the explosion and the yields of SNIa.
Key words: nuclear reactions / nucleosynthesis / abundances / supernovae: general / white dwarfs
© ESO 2019
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.