Volume 624, April 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||01 April 2019|
Mg II λ2797, λ2803 emission in a large sample of low-metallicity star-forming galaxies from SDSS DR14
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 14-b Metrolohichna str., Kyiv 03143, Ukraine
3 Institut für Astrophysik, Göttingen Universität, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
4 Astron. Dept., King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 80203 Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
Accepted: 12 February 2019
A large sample of Mg II emitting star-forming galaxies with low metallicity [O/H] = log(O/H) – log(O/H)⊙ between –0.2 and –1.2 dex is constructed from Data Release 14 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We selected 4189 galaxies with Mg II λ2797, λ2803 emission lines in the redshift range z ∼ 0.3–1.0 or 35% of the total Sloan Digital Sky Survey star-forming sample with redshift z ≥ 0.3. We study the dependence of the magnesium-to-oxygen and magnesium-to-neon abundance ratios on metallicity. Extrapolating this dependence to [Mg/Ne] = 0 and to solar metallicity we derive a magnesium depletion of [Mg/Ne] ≃ –0.4 (at solar metallicity). We prefer neon instead of oxygen to evaluate the magnesium depletion in the interstellar medium because neon is a noble gas and is not incorporated into dust, contrary to oxygen. Thus, we find that more massive and more metal abundant galaxies have higher magnesium depletion. The global parameters of our sample, such as the mass of the stellar population and star formation rate, are compared with previously obtained results from the literature. These results confirm that Mg II emission has a nebular origin. Our data for interstellar magnesium-to-oxygen abundance ratios relative to the solar value are in good agreement with similar measurements made for Galactic stars, for giant stars in the Milky Way satellite dwarf galaxies, and with low-metallicity damped Lyman-alpha systems.
Key words: galaxies: abundances / galaxies: irregular / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: formation / HII regions / ISM: abundances
© ESO 2019
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