Letter to the Editor
The origin of the two populations of blue stragglers in M30
Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Accepted: 31 October 2018
We analyze the position of the two populations of blue stragglers in the globular cluster M30 in the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram. Both populations of blue stragglers are brighter than the cluster’s turn-off, but one population, the blue blue-stragglers, aligns along the zero-age main sequence whereas the other, red population is elevated in brightness (or color) by ∼0.75 mag. Based on stellar evolution and merger simulations we argue that the red population, which composes about 40% of the blue stragglers in M 30, has formed at a constant rate of ∼2.8 blue stragglers per gigayear over the last ∼10 Gyr. The blue population on the other hand formed in a burst that started ∼3.2 Gyr ago at a peak rate of 30 blue stragglers per gigayear with an e-folding time scale of 0.93 Gyr. We speculate that the burst resulted from the core collapse of the cluster at an age of about 9.8 Gyr, whereas the constantly formed population is the result of mass transfer and mergers through binary evolution. In this scenario, about half the binaries in the cluster effectively result in a blue straggler.
Key words: methods: numerical / blue stragglers / globular clusters: general / stars: evolution
© ESO 2019