Volume 620, December 2018
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||30 November 2018|
An alternative stable solution for the Kepler-419 system, obtained with the use of a genetic algorithm
Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata,
CONICET–UNLP, La Plata, Argentina
2 Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina
3 Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio, CONICET–UBA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Accepted: 30 September 2018
Context. The mid-transit times of an exoplanet may be nonperiodic. The variations in the timing of the transits with respect to a single period, that is, the transit timing variations (TTVs), can sometimes be attributed to perturbations by other exoplanets present in the system, which may or may not transit the star.
Aims. Our aim is to compute the mass and the six orbital elements of an nontransiting exoplanet, given only the central times of transit of the transiting body. We also aim to recover the mass of the star and the mass and orbital elements of the transiting exoplanet, suitably modified in order to decrease the deviation between the observed and the computed transit times by as much as possible.
Methods. We have applied our method, based on a genetic algorithm, to the Kepler-419 system.
Results. We were able to compute all 14 free parameters of the system, which, when integrated in time, give transits within the observational errors. We also studied the dynamics and the long-term orbital evolution of the Kepler-419 planetary system as defined by the orbital elements computed by us, in order to determine its stability.
Key words: planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability / planets and satellites: individual: Kepler-419b / planets and satellites: individual: Kepler-419c
© ESO 2018
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