Volume 618, October 2018
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||23 October 2018|
1 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astrono mia, Università degli Studi di Bologna, Via Gobetti 93/2, 40129 Bologna, Italy
2 INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spaziodi Bologna, Via Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy
3 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, L3 5RF Liverpool, UK
4 Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Andres Bello, Fernandez Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
5 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Place Jule Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
6 Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
Accepted: 19 July 2018
We present Li, Na, Al, and Fe abundances of 199 lower red giant branch star members of the stellar system Omega Centauri, using high-resolution spectra acquired with FLAMES at the Very Large Telescope. The A(Li) distribution is peaked at A(Li) ∼ 1 dex with a prominent tail towards lower values. The peak of the distribution well agrees with the lithium abundances measured in lower red giant branch stars in globular clusters and Galactic field stars. Stars with A(Li) ∼ 1 dex are found at metallicities lower than [Fe/H] ∼ –1.3 dex but they disappear at higher metallicities. On the other hand, Li-poor stars are found at all metallicities. The most metal-poor stars exhibit a clear Li–Na anti-correlation, where about 30% of the sample have A(Li) lower than ∼0.8 dex, while these stars represent a small fraction of normal globular clusters. Most of the stars with [Fe/H] > –1.6 dex are Li poor and Na rich. The Li depletion measured in these stars is not observed in globular clusters with similar metallicities and we demonstrate that it is not caused by the proposed helium enhancements and/or young ages. Hence, these stars formed from a gas already depleted in lithium. Finally, we note that Omega Centauri includes all the populations (Li-normal/Na-normal, Li-normal/Na-rich, and Li-poor/Na-rich stars) observed, to a lesser extent, in mono-metallic GCs.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: atmospheres / stars: Population II / globular clusters: individual: Omega Centauri / stars: evolution
Full Tables 1 and 2 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/618/A134
© ESO 2018
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