Sensitivity of gravito-inertial modes to differential rotation in intermediate-mass main-sequence stars
Institute of Astronomy, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, 93106 USA
3 Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales, 2006 Australia
4 Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
5 Laboratoire AIM Paris-Saclay, CEA/DRF-Université Paris Diderot-CNRS, IRFU/SAp Centre de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
6 TAPIR, Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics, Mailcode 350-17, Caltech, Pasadena, CA, 91125 USA
7 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ.Paris 6, Univ. Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, France
8 Department of Theoretical Physics and Cosmology, University of Granada (UGR), 18071 Granada, Spain
9 Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
10 Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 Charter Street, Madison, WI, 53706 USA
Accepted: 26 June 2018
Context. While rotation has a major impact on stellar structure and evolution, its effects are not well understood. Thanks to high-quality and long-time base photometric observations obtained with recent space missions, we are now able to study stellar rotation more precisely.
Aims. We aim to constrain radial differential rotation profiles in γ Doradus (γ Dor) stars, and to develop new theoretical seismic diagnosis for such stars with rapid and potentially non-uniform rotation.
Methods. We have derived a new asymptotic description which accounts for the impact of weak differential near-core rotation on gravity-mode period spacings. The theoretical predictions are illustrated from pulsation computations with the code GYRE and compared with observations of γ Dor stars. When possible, we also derived the surface rotation rates in these stars by detecting and analysing signatures of rotational modulation, and computed the core-to-surface rotation ratios.
Results. Stellar rotation must be strongly differential before its effects on period spacing patterns can be detected, unless multiple period spacing patterns can be compared. Six stars in our sample exhibit a single unexplained period spacing pattern of retrograde modes. We hypothesise that these are Yanai modes. Finally, we find signatures of rotational spot modulation in the photometric data of eight targets.
Conclusions. If only one period spacing pattern is detected and analysed for a star, it is difficult to detect differential rotation. A rigidly rotating model will often provide the best solution. Differential rotation can only be detected when multiple period spacing patterns have been found for a single star or its surface rotation rate is known as well. This is the case for eight of the stars in our sample, revealing surface-to-core rotation ratios between 0.95 and 1.05.
Key words: asteroseismology / methods: data analysis / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: variables: general / stars: oscillations / stars: rotation
© ESO 2018