New member candidates of Upper Scorpius from Gaia DR1⋆
1 European Space Astronomy Centre (ESA), PO Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Spain
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Instituto de Física Fundamental (CSIC), Calle Serrano 113b & 123, 28006 Madrid, Spain
Accepted: 20 April 2018
Context. Selecting a cluster in proper motion space is an established method for identifying members of a star-forming region. The first data release from Gaia (DR1) provides an extremely large and precise stellar catalogue, which when combined with the Tycho-2 catalogue gives the 2.5 million parallaxes and proper motions contained within the Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution (TGAS).
Aims. We aim to identify new member candidates of the nearby Upper Scorpius subgroup of the Scorpius-Centaurus Complex within the TGAS catalogue. In doing so, we also aim to validate the use of a density-based clustering algorithm (DBSCAN) on spatial and kinematic data as a robust member selection method.
Methods. We constructed a method for member selection using a density-based clustering algorithm (DBSCAN) applied over proper motion and distance. We then applied this method to Upper Scorpius and evaluated the results and performance of the method.
Results. We identified 167 member candidates of Upper Scorpius, of which 78 are new, distributed within a 10° radius from its core. These member candidates have a mean distance of 145.6 ± 7.5 pc and a mean proper motion of (−11.4, −23.5) ± (0.7, 0.4) mas yr−1. These values are consistent with measured distances and proper motions of previously identified bona fide members of the Upper Scorpius association.
Key words: stars: formation / protoplanetary disks / methods: data analysis
The full Table 1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/618/A12
© ESO 2018