Volume 617, September 2018
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Celestial mechanics and astrometry|
|Published online||13 September 2018|
Detecting the Yarkovsky effect among near-Earth asteroids from astrometric data
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Pisa,
Largo Bruno Pontecorvo 5,
2 Space Dynamics Services s.r.l., via Mario Giuntini, Navacchio di Cascina, Pisa, Italy
3 ESA SSA-NEO Coordination Centre, Largo Galileo Galilei, 1 00044 Frascati (RM), Italy
4 IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, Univ. Lille, 77 av. Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris, France
5 Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, 91109 CA, USA
6 Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Boulevard de l’Observatoire, Nice, France
Accepted: 16 May 2018
We present an updated set of near-Earth asteroids with a Yarkovsky-related semimajor axis drift detected from the orbital fit to the astrometry. We find 87 reliable detections after filtering for the signal-to-noise ratio of the Yarkovsky drift estimate and making sure the estimate is compatible with the physical properties of the analysed object. Furthermore, we find a list of 24 marginally significant detections for which future astrometry could result in a Yarkovsky detection. A further outcome of the filtering procedure is a list of detections that we consider spurious because they are either unrealistic or not explicable by the Yarkovsky effect. Among the smallest asteroids of our sample, we determined four detections of solar radiation pressure in addition to the Yarkovsky effect. As the data volume increases in the near future, our goal is to develop methods to generate very long lists of asteroids that have a Yarkovsky effect that is reliably detected and have limited amounts of case by case specific adjustments. Furthermore, we discuss the improvements this work could bring to impact monitoring. In particular, we exhibit two asteroids for which the adoption of a non-gravitational model is needed to make reliable impact predictions.
Key words: minor planets, asteroids: general / astrometry / celestial mechanics
© ESO 2018
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