Volume 616, August 2018
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||03 September 2018|
Opposition effect on S-type asteroid (25143) Itokawa
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University,
08826, Republic of Korea
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
2 University of Science & Technology, Daejeon 34113, Republic of Korea
3 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea
Accepted: 11 May 2018
Aims. The opposition effect has been detected on solar system bodies such as asteroids and comets. Two mechanisms have been proposed to explain the effect: the shadow-hiding opposition effect (SHOE) and the coherent backscattering opposition effect (CBOE). The Hayabusa asteroid sample return mission provides a unique opportunity to investigate the opposition effect on disk-resolved images of the S-type asteroid (25413) Itokawa at very small phase angles α.
Methods. We made use of the data taken at α = 0.°04–2.°54 using the Asteroid Multi-band Imaging Camera (AMICA) on UT 2005 October 13. Comparing sets of two images taken at different phase angles, we derived the opposition slope parameter (SOE) that characterizes a linear increase in the reflectance I∕F per unit phase angle.
Results. We found that (i) SOE is less dependent on the incidence and emission angles; (ii) the reflectance increases nonlinearly toward the opposition at small angles with α ≲ 1.°4, showing a good correlation between mean I∕F and SOE; and (iii) SOE becomes nearly constant at α ≳ 1.°4 and shows no clear correlation between I∕F and SOE.
Conclusions. From these results, we conjecture that CBOE is dominant at α ≲ 1.°4, while SHOE is dominant at α ≳ 1.°4.
Key words: minor planets, asteroids: general / minor planets, asteroids: individual: Itokawa
© ESO 2018
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