Volume 616, August 2018
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||04 September 2018|
KIC 8553788: A pulsating Algol with an extreme mass ratio
Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, Metaxa & Vas. Pavlou St., 15236 Penteli, Athens, Greece
Accepted: 30 April 2018
Context. The present research paper focuses on the eclipsing binary KIC 8553788 which belongs to two different types of binary systems regarding its physical properties. In particular, it is one of the 71 oscillating stars of Algol-type that have been discovered so far and one of the six that have been published based on high-cadence photometric data of the Kepler mission. In addition, it is one of the four semi-detached binaries of the group of R CMa-type systems, while its pulsating component has the fourth fastest frequency among the δ Scuti stars-members of semi-detached binaries. Detailed light curves as well as spectroscopic and pulsation analyses are presented, while possible explanation scenarios for the evolution of the system involving past mass transfer, mass loss, and/or angular momentum loss due to the presence of a tertiary component are discussed.
Aims. The goal of the study is to extract the pulsational characteristics of the oscillating star of the system, to estimate the absolute parameters of its components, and to provide a possible explanation for its extreme evolutionary status.
Methods. Ground-based spectroscopic observations using the 2.3 m “Aristarchos” telescope were obtained and used for the estimation of the spectral type of the primary component and to model the light curves of the system with higher certainty. The short-cadence photometric data provided by the Kepler mission were analysed using standard eclipsing binary modelling techniques, while Fourier analysis was applied on their residuals aiming to reveal the properties of the intrinsic oscillations. The resulting photometric model was combined with a published radial velocity curve to obtain accurate absolute parameters for the components of the system.
Results. The results show that the primary component of the system is of A8 spectral type, has a mass of 1.6 M⊙, and a radius of 2 R⊙. It is a relatively fast pulsator of δ Scuti type that oscillates in 89 frequency modes with the dominant one being 58.26 cycles day−1. On the other hand, the secondary component has a mass of only 0.07 M⊙, a radius of 1 R⊙, and a temperature of 4400 K. In addition, it was found to be magnetically active with migrating cool spots on its surface.
Conclusions. KIC 8553788, according to its geometrical configuration and its pulsational properties, belongs to the group of oscillating stars of Algol type, while according to its very low mass ratio and its relatively short orbital period belongs also to the group of R CMa stars. If confirmed by radial velocity data of the secondary component, the system would have the lowest mass ratio that has ever been found in semi-detached systems and could therefore be considered as one of the most extreme cases.
Key words: binaries: eclipsing / stars: fundamental parameters / binaries: close / stars: oscillations / stars: variables: delta Scuti / stars: individual: KIC 8553788
© ESO 2018
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