Volume 615, July 2018
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||04 July 2018|
Letter to the Editor
Gaia DR2 view of the Lupus V–VI clouds: The candidate diskless young stellar objects are mainly background contaminants
European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748
Garching bei München, Germany
2 Scientific Support Office, Directorate of Science, European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESA/ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands
3 Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
4 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse 1, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
6 INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, L.go E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
7 INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia, 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
8 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
9 European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat), Eumetsat Allee 1, 64295 Darmstadt, Germany
10 Monash Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, Monash University, VIC, 3800 Australia
Accepted: 11 June 2018
Extensive surveys of star-forming regions with Spitzer have revealed populations of disk-bearing young stellar objects. These have provided crucial constraints, such as the timescale of dispersal of protoplanetary disks, obtained by carefully combining infrared data with spectroscopic or X-ray data. While observations in various regions agree with the general trend of decreasing disk fraction with age, the Lupus V and VI regions appeared to have been at odds, having an extremely low disk fraction. Here we show, using the recent Gaia data release 2 (DR2), that these extremely low disk fractions are actually due to a very high contamination by background giants. Out of the 83 candidate young stellar objects (YSOs) in these clouds observed by Gaia, only five have distances of ~150 pc, similar to YSOs in the other Lupus clouds, and have similar proper motions to other members in this star-forming complex. Of these five targets, four have optically thick (Class II) disks. On the one hand, this result resolves the conundrum of the puzzling low disk fraction in these clouds, while, on the other hand, it further clarifies the need to confirm the Spitzer selected diskless population with other tracers, especially in regions at low galactic latitude like Lupus V and VI. The use of Gaia astrometry is now an independent and reliable way to further assess the membership of candidate YSOs in these, and potentially other, star-forming regions.
Key words: stars: pre-main sequence / stars: formation / astrometry
© ESO 2018
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