Volume 615, July 2018
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||31 July 2018|
Asymmetric Type-Ia supernova origin of W49B as revealed from spatially resolved X-ray spectroscopic study
Anton Pannekoek Institute, University of Amsterdam,
PO Box 94249,
2 School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, PR China
3 GRAPPA, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Accepted: 23 March 2018
The origin of the asymmetric supernova remnant (SNR) W49B has been a matter of debate: is it produced by a rare jet-driven core-collapse (CC) supernova, or by a normal supernova that is strongly shaped by its dense environment? Aiming to uncover the explosion mechanism and origin of the asymmetric, centrally filled X-ray morphology of W49B, we have performed spatially resolved X-ray spectroscopy and a search for potential point sources. We report new candidate point sources inside W49B. The Chandra X-ray spectra from W49B are well-characterized by two-temperature gas components (~0.27 keV + 0.6–2.2 keV). The hot component gas shows a large temperature gradient from the northeast to the southwest and is over-ionized in most regions with recombination timescales of 1–10 × 1011 cm−3 s. The Fe element shows strong lateral distribution in the SNR east, while the distribution of Si, S, Ar, Ca is relatively smooth and nearly axially symmetric. Asymmetric Type-Ia explosion of a Chandrasekhar-mass white dwarf (WD) well-explains the abundance ratios and metal distribution of W49B, whereas a jet-driven explosion and normal CC models fail to describe the abundance ratios and large masses of iron-group elements. A model based on a multi-spot ignition of the WD can explain the observed high MMn∕MCr value (0.8–2.2). The bar-like morphology is mainly due to a density enhancement in the center, given the good spatial correlation between gas density and X-ray brightness. The recombination ages and the Sedov age consistently suggest a revised SNR age of 5–6 kyr. This study suggests that despite the presence of candidate point sources projected within the boundary of this SNR, W49B is likely a Type-Ia SNR, which suggests that Type-Ia supernovae can also result in mixed-morphology SNRs.
Key words: ISM: individual objects: W49B – ISM: supernova remnants – nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances – white dwarfs
© ESO 2018
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