Volume 603, July 2017
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||05 July 2017|
INTEGRAL IBIS, SPI, and JEM-X observations of LVT151012
1 APC, AstroParticule et Cosmologie, Université Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de Paris Sorbonne Paris Cité, 10 rue Alice Domont et Léonie Duquet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13, France
2 ISDC, Department of astronomy, University of Geneva, chemin d’Écogia, 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
3 INAF, IASF-Milano, via E.Bassini 15, 20133 Milano, Italy
4 INAF – Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Rome, Italy
5 DTU Space, National Space Institute Elektrovej, Building 327, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
6 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany
7 Space Science Group, School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
8 European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESA/ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands
9 DSM/Irfu/Service d’Astrophysique, Bât. 709 Orme des Merisiers CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
10 Space Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, 117997 Moscow, Russia
11 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutskiy per. 9, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region 141700, Russia
12 Université Toulouse, UPS-OMP, CNRS, IRAP, 9 avenue Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse, France
13 Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching bei Munchen, Germany
14 European XFEL GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 19, 22761, Hamburg, Germany
Received: 6 February 2017
Accepted: 31 March 2017
During the first observing run of LIGO, two gravitational wave events and one lower-significance trigger (LVT151012) were reported by the LIGO/Virgo collaboration. At the time of LVT151012, the INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL) was pointing at a region of the sky coincident with the high localization probability area of the event and thus permitted us to search for its electromagnetic counterpart (both prompt and afterglow emission). The imaging instruments on board INTEGRAL (IBIS/ISGRI, IBIS/PICsIT, SPI, and the two JEM-X modules) have been exploited to attempt the detection of any electromagnetic emission associated with LVT151012 over three decades in energy (from 3 keV to 8 MeV). The omni-directional instruments on board the satellite, i.e., the SPI-ACS and the IBIS/Veto, complemented the capabilities of the IBIS/ISGRI and IBIS/PICsIT for detections outside their imaging field of view in order to provide an efficient monitoring of the entire LVT151012 localization region at energies above 75 keV. We did not find any significant transient source that was spatially and/or temporally coincident with LVT151012, obtaining tight upper limits on the associated hard X-ray and γ-ray radiation. For typical spectral models, the upper limits on the fluence of the emission from any 1 s counterpart of LVT151012 ranges from Fγ = 3.5 × 10-8 erg cm-2 (20–200 keV), within the field of view of the imaging instruments, to Fγ = 7.1 × 10-7 erg cm-2 (75–2000 keV), considering the least favorable location of the counterpart for a detection by the omni-directional instruments. These results can be interpreted as a tight constraint on the ratio of the isotropic equivalent energy released in the electromagnetic emission to the total energy of the gravitational waves: E75−2000 keV/EGW< 4.4 × 10-5. Finally, we provide an exhaustive summary of the capabilities of all instruments on board INTEGRAL to hunt for γ-ray counterparts of gravitational wave events, exploiting both serendipitousand pointed follow-up observations. This will serve as a reference for all future searches.
Key words: gravitational waves / black hole physics / X-rays: bursts / instrumentation: detectors
© ESO, 2017
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