Volume 603, July 2017
|Number of page(s)||26|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||13 July 2017|
37 GHz observations of narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies ⋆
1 Aalto University Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Metsähovintie 114, 02540 Kylmälä, Finland
2 Aalto University Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, PO Box 15500, 00076 Aalto, Finland
3 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
4 Kavli Institute for Cosmology Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA, UK
5 European Space Agency, ESAC, Planck Science Office, Camino bajo del Castillo, s/n, Urbanización Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain
6 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
7 Special Astrophysical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences, 369167 Nizhnij Arkhyz, Russia
8 Kazan Federal University, 18 Kremlyovskaya St. Kazan, 420008 Kazan, Russia
9 Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
10 CePIA, Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
Received: 15 December 2016
Accepted: 27 March 2017
Observations performed at Metsähovi Radio Observatory at 37 GHz are presented for a sample of 78 radio-loud and radio-quiet narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies, together with additional lower and higher frequency radio data from RATAN-600, Owens Valley Radio Observatory, and the Planck satellite. Most of the data have been gathered between February 2012 and April 2015 but for some sources even longer light curves exist. The detection rate at 37 GHz is around 19%, which is comparable to other populations of active galactic nuclei presumed to be faint at radio frequencies, such as BL Lac objects. Variability and spectral indices are determined for sources with enough detections. Based on the radio data, many NLS1 galaxies show a blazar-like radio spectra exhibiting significant variability. The spectra at a given time are often inverted or convex. The source of the high-frequency radio emission in NLS1 galaxies, detected at 37 GHz, is most probably a relativistic jet rather than star formation. Jets in NLS1 galaxies are therefore expected to be a much more common phenomenon than earlier assumed.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: Seyfert
Full Table 7 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/603/A100
© ESO, 2017
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