The power of teaming up HST and Gaia: the first proper motion measurement of the distant cluster NGC 2419
1 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
2 University of Groningen, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
Received: 1 December 2016
Accepted: 25 January 2017
Aims. We present the first measurement of the proper motion and orbit of the very distant and intriguing globular cluster NCG 2419.
Methods. We have combined data from HST and Gaia DR1 to derive the relative proper motions of stars in the direction of the cluster. To tie these to an absolute reference frame, we have used a background galaxy located in the field.
Results. We find the absolute proper motion of NGC 2419 to be (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (−0.17 ± 0.26,−0.49 ± 0.17) mas yr-1. We have integrated the orbit of the cluster in a Galactic potential and found it to oscillate between ~53 kpc and ~98 kpc on an almost polar orbit. This, and the fact that it shares the same sense of rotation around the Milky Way, make it very likely that NGC 2419 is a former cluster of the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy.
Key words: globular clusters: individual: NGC 2419 / astrometry / proper motions
© ESO, 2017