Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||27 April 2020|
Globular clusters in the Sagittarius stream
Revising members and candidates with Gaia DR2
INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy
2 Observatoire Astronomique, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, 11, Rue de l’Université, 67000 Strasbourg, France
3 The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Physics, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
4 NRC Herzberg Astronomy and Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7, Canada
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Accepted: 17 March 2020
We reconsider the case for the association of Galactic globular clusters to the tidal stream of the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy (Sgr dSph) using Gaia DR2 data. We used RR Lyrae variables to trace the stream in 6D and we selected clusters matching the observed stream in position and velocity. In addition to the clusters residing in the main body of the galaxy (M 54, Ter 8, Ter 7, Arp 2) we confirm the membership of Pal 12 and Whiting 1 to the portion of the trailing arm populated by stars lost during recent perigalactic passages. NGC 2419, NGC 5634, and NGC 4147 are very interesting candidates, possibly associated with more ancient wraps of the Sagittarius stream. With the exception of M 54, which lies within the stellar nucleus of the galaxy, we note that all these clusters are found in the trailing arm of the stream. The selected clusters are fully consistent with the [Fe/H] versus [Mg/Fe], [Ca/Fe] patterns and the age-metallicity relation displayed by field stars in the main body of Sgr dSph.
Key words: globular clusters: general / galaxies: individual: Sgr dSph / galaxies: dwarf / Galaxy: formation / Galaxy: stellar content
© ESO 2020
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