Microwave observations of a large-scale coronal wave with the Nobeyama radioheliograph
1 Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
2 Solar Physics Research Inc., Matsushin 2–24, Kasugai, 486-0931 Aichi, Japan
3 National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4-2-1 Nukui-kita, Koganei, 184-8795 Tokyo, Japan
Received: 24 March 2016
Accepted: 2 August 2016
Context. Large-scale globally propagating waves in the solar corona have been studied extensively, mainly using extreme ultraviolet (EUV) observations. In a few events, corresponding wave signatures have been detected in microwave radioheliograms provided by the Nobeyama radioheliograph (NoRH). Several aspects of these observations seem to contradict the conclusions drawn from EUV observations.
Aims. We investigate whether the microwave observations of global waves are consistent with previous findings.
Methods. We revisited the wave of 1997 Sep. 24, which is still the best-defined event in microwaves. We obtained radioheliograms at 17 and 34 GHz from NoRH and studied the morphology, kinematics, perturbation profile evolution, and emission mechanism of the propagating microwave signatures.
Results. We find that the NoRH wave signatures are morphologically consistent with both the associated coronal wave as observed by SOHO/EIT and the Moreton wave seen in Hα. The NoRH wave is clearly decelerating, which is typically found for large-amplitude coronal waves associated with Moreton waves, and its kinematical curve is consistent with the EIT wavefronts. The perturbation profile shows a pronounced decrease in amplitude. Based on the derivation of the spectral index of the excess microwave emission, we conclude that the NoRH wave is due to optically thick free-free bremsstrahlung from the chromosphere.
Conclusions. The wavefronts seen in microwave radioheliograms are chromospheric signatures of coronal waves, and their characteristics support the interpretation of coronal waves as large-amplitude fast-mode MHD waves or shocks.
Key words: Sun: corona / Sun: chromosphere / Sun: flares / Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs) / waves / shock waves
© ESO, 2016