Volume 592, August 2016
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||04 August 2016|
Appearance of dusty filaments at different viewing angles
1 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
2 Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy, MPIA, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Received: 22 December 2015
Accepted: 18 May 2016
Context. In recent years, there have been many studies on the omnipresence and structures of filaments in star-forming regions, as well as their role in the process of star formation. These filaments are normally identified as elongated fibres across the plane of the sky. But how would we detect filaments that are inclined?
Aims. We aim to learn more about whether, and how, total column density or dust temperature change with respect to the line of sight. These variations would enable observers to use dust observations to identify and study filaments at any inclination and gain more insight into the distribution and orientations of filaments within the Galactic plane.
Methods. As a first step, we perform numerical calculations on simple cylindrical models to evaluate the influence of filament geometry on the average flux density. After that, we apply our three-dimensional Monte Carlo dust-radiative transfer code on two models of star-forming regions and derive maps of effective total column density and dust temperature at different viewing angles.
Results. We only see slight changes of average flux density for all cylinders we study. For our more complex models, we find that the effective dust temperature is not sensitive to viewing angle, while the total column density is strongly influenced, with differences exceeding an order of magnitude. The variations are not injective with the viewing angle and depend on the structure of the object.
Conclusions. We conclude that there is no single quantity in our analysis that can uniquely trace the inclination and three-dimensional structure of a filament based on dust observations alone. However, observing wide variations in total column density at a given effective dust temperature is indicative of inclined filaments.
Key words: radiative transfer / dust, extinction / ISM: structure
© ESO, 2016
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.