Volume 591, July 2016
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||21 June 2016|
The slowly pulsating B-star 18 Pegasi: A testbed for upper main sequence stellar evolution ⋆
Dr. Karl Remeis-Observatory & ECAP, Astronomical Institute,
Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Sternwartstr. 7, 96049
2 Imperial College London, Blackett Lab, Prince Consort Rd., London SW7 2AZ, UK
3 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
4 Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitäts-Sternwarte Jena, Schillergäßchen 2, 07745 Jena, Germany
5 Sternwarte Dieterskirchen, Roigerstr. 6, 92542 Dieterskirchen, Germany
Received: 3 May 2016
Accepted: 24 May 2016
The predicted width of the upper main sequence in stellar evolution models depends on the empirical calibration of the convective overshooting parameter. Despite decades of discussions, its precise value is still unknown and further observational constraints are required to gauge it. Based on a photometric and preliminary asteroseismic analysis, we show that the mid B-type giant 18 Peg is one of the most evolved members of the rare class of slowly pulsating B-stars and, thus, bears tremendous potential to derive a tight lower limit for the width of the upper main sequence. In addition, 18 Peg turns out to be part of a single-lined spectroscopic binary system with an eccentric orbit that is greater than 6 years. Further spectroscopic and photometric monitoring and a sophisticated asteroseismic investigation are required to exploit the full potential of this star as a benchmark object for stellar evolution theory.
Key words: binaries: spectroscopic / stars: early-type / stars: individual: 18 Peg / stars: oscillations
Based on observations collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere under ESO programmes 265.C-5038(A), 069.C-0263(A), and 073.D-0024(A). Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), proposals H2005-2.2-016 and H2015-3.5-008. Based on observations made with the William Herschel Telescope operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, proposal W15BN015. Based on observations obtained with telescopes of the University Observatory Jena, which is operated by the Astrophysical Institute of the Friedrich-Schiller-University.
© ESO, 2016
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