Volume 650, June 2021
|Number of page(s)||27|
|Published online||23 June 2021|
A homogeneous spectroscopic analysis of a Kepler legacy sample of dwarfs for gravity-mode asteroseismology
Institute of Astronomy, KU Leuven,
2 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3 Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
4 Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
5 Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
6 Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
7 Koninklijke Sterrenwacht van België, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussel, Belgium
8 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago, Chile
9 Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Accepted: 8 April 2021
Context. Asteroseismic modelling of the internal structure of main-sequence stars born with a convective core has so far been based on homogeneous analyses of space photometric Kepler light curves of four years in duration, to which most often incomplete inhomogeneously-deduced spectroscopic information was added to break degeneracies.
Aims. Our goal is twofold: (1) to compose an optimal sample of gravity-mode pulsators observed by the Kepler space telescope for joint asteroseismic and spectroscopic stellar modelling, and (2) to provide spectroscopic parameters for its members, deduced in a homogeneous way.
Methods. We assembled HERMES high-resolution optical spectroscopy at the 1.2 m Mercator telescope for 111 dwarfs, whose Kepler light curves allowed for the determination of their near-core rotation rates. Our spectroscopic information offers additional observational input to also model the envelope layers of these non-radially pulsating dwarfs.
Results. We determined stellar parameters and surface abundances from atmospheric analysis with spectrum normalisation based on a new machine-learning tool. Our results suggest a systematic overestimation of metallicity ([M/H]) in the literature for the studied F-type dwarfs, presumably due to normalisation limitations caused by the dense line spectrum of these rotating stars. CNO surface abundances were found to be uncorrelated with the rotation properties of the F-type stars. For the B-type stars, we find a hint of deep mixing from C and O abundance ratios; N abundance uncertainties are too great to reveal a correlation of N with the rotation of the stars.
Conclusions. Our spectroscopic stellar parameters and abundance determinations allow for the future joint spectroscopic, astrometric (Gaia), and asteroseismic modelling of this legacy sample of gravity-mode pulsators, with the aim of improving our understanding of transport processes in the core-hydrogen burning phase of stellar evolution.
Key words: asteroseismology / stars: variables: general / stars: oscillations / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: abundances / techniques: spectroscopic
© ESO 2021
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