Emergence of non-twisted magnetic fields in the Sun: Jets and atmospheric response
1 Reasearch Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics, Academy of Athens, 4 Soranou Efessiou Str., 11527 Athens, Greece
2 Section of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, Department of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15784 Athens, Greece
3 School of Mathematics and Statistics, St. Andrews University, St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, UK
Received: 7 March 2014
Accepted: 8 August 2015
Aims. We study the emergence of a non-twisted flux tube from the solar interior into the solar atmosphere. We investigate whether the length of the buoyant part of the flux tube (i.e. λ) affects the emergence of the field and the dynamics of the evolving magnetic flux system.
Methods. We perform three-dimensional (3D), time-dependent, resistive, compressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations using the Lare3D code.
Results. We find that there are considerable differences in the dynamics of the emergence of a magnetic flux tube when λ is varied. In the solar interior, for larger values of λ, the rising magnetic field emerges faster and expands more due to its lower magnetic tension. As a result, its field strength decreases and its emergence above the photosphere occurs later than in the smaller λ case. However, in both cases, the emerging field at the photosphere becomes unstable in two places, forming two magnetic bipoles that interact dynamically during the evolution of the system. Most of the dynamic phenomena occur at the current layer, which is formed at the interface between the interacting bipoles. We find the formation and ejection of plasmoids, the onset of successive jets from the interface, and the impulsive heating of the plasma in the solar atmosphere. We discuss the triggering mechanism of the jets and the atmospheric response to the emergence of magnetic flux in the two cases.
Key words: Sun: activity / Sun: interior / Sun: magnetic fields / magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / methods: numerical
© ESO, 2015
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.