SINFONI spectra of heavily obscured AGNs in COSMOS: Evidence of outflows in a MIR/O target at z ~ 2.5⋆
Dipartimento di Fisica e AstronomiaUniversità di Bologna,
viale Berti Pichat 6/2,
2 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
3 Max-Planck Institut fur Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse 1, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
4 Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
5 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
6 Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Bijenička cesta 32, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
7 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via Frascati 33, 00044 Monte Porzio Catone ( RM), Italy
8 AIM, Unité Mixte de Recherche CEA CNRS, Université Paris VII, UMR n158, 75014 Paris, France
9 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
10 Observatório do Valongo, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Ladeira do Pedro Antônio 43, Saúde, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20080-090, Brazil
Accepted: 18 August 2015
Aims. We present new data for four candidate obscured Compton-Thick (CT) quasars at z ~ 1–2.5 observed with the SINFONI VLT spectrograph in adaptive optics (AO) mode. These sources were selected from a 24 μm Spitzer MIPS survey of the COSMOS field, on the basis of red mid-infrared to optical and optical to near-infrared colours, with the intention of identifying active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in dust enshrouded environments, where most of the black hole mass is assembled.
Methods. Near-infrared spectra were analysed to check for emission line features and to search for broad components in the [OIII]-Hβ and Hα-[NII] regions. We also employed X-ray spectral analysis, radio and MIR diagnostics, and SED fitting to study the nature of the sources.
Results. We successfully identified three objects for which we had only a photometric redshift estimate. Based on their emission line diagnostics and on ancillary multi-wavelength constraints, we find that all four targets harbour obscured AGNs. Broad profiles, which could be attributed to the effects of outflows, are revealed in only one target, MIRO20581. In particular, we clearly resolved a fast (~1600 km s-1) and extended (~5 kpc) outflow in the [OIII]5007 emission line. This feature, the commonly used indicator for ionised outflowing gas, was only sampled and detected for this target; hence, we cannot exclude the presence of outflows in the other sources. Overall, the constraints we obtain from our targets and from other comparative samples from the literature suggest that these optically faint luminous infrared galaxies, hosting obscured AGNs, may represent a brief evolutionary phase between the post-merger starburst and the unobscured quasar phases.
Key words: Galaxy: evolution / ISM: jets and outflows / quasars: emission lines
© ESO, 2015