Volume 582, October 2015
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||08 October 2015|
The Gaia-ESO Survey: chemical signatures of rocky accretion in a young solar-type star⋆
1 Departamento de Astronomia do IAG/USP, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Mãtao 1226, São Paulo, 05509-900 SP, Brasil
2 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3 Astrophysics Group, Research Institute for the Environment, Physical Sciences and Applied Mathematics, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, UK
4 Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli Strasse 27, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
5 Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Vilnius University, A. Gostauto 12, 01108 Vilnius, Lithuania
6 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
7 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Apdo. 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
8 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
9 Universidad de La Laguna, Dept. Astrofísica, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
10 Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Box 43, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
11 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
12 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
13 Moscow MV Lomonosov State University, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, 119992 Moscow, Russia
14 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Sezione Astrofisica, Universitá di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
15 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK
16 Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Andres Bello, Republica 220 Santiago, Chile
17 Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
18 INAF–Padova Observatory, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
Received: 4 July 2015
Accepted: 25 August 2015
It is well known that newly formed planetary systems undergo processes of orbital reconfiguration and planetary migration. As a result, planets or protoplanetary objects may accrete onto the central star, being fused and mixed into its external layers. If the accreted mass is sufficiently high and the star has a sufficiently thin convective envelope, such events may result in a modification of the chemical composition of the stellar photosphere in an observable way, enhancing it with elements that were abundant in the accreted mass. The recent Gaia-ESO Survey observations of the 10−20 Myr old Gamma Velorum cluster have enabled identifying a star that is significantly enriched in iron with respect to other cluster members. In this Letter we further investigate the abundance pattern of this star, showing that its abundance anomaly is not limited to iron, but is also present in the refractory elements, whose overabundances are correlated with the condensation temperature. This finding strongly supports the hypothesis of a recent accretion of rocky material.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: chemically peculiar / stars: pre-main sequence / galaxies: star clusters: individual: Gamma Velorum / planet-star interactions / techniques: spectroscopic
© ESO, 2015
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