Characterizing the propagation of gravity waves in 3D nonlinear simulations of solar-like stars
Laboratoire AIM Paris-Saclay, CEA/DSM −
CNRS − Université Paris Diderot, IRFU/SAp Centre de Saclay,
e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Département de physique, Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, QC H3C-3J7 Montréal, Canada
Received: 2 April 2015
Accepted: 4 June 2015
Context. The revolution of helio- and asteroseismology provides access to the detailed properties of stellar interiors by studying the star’s oscillation modes. Among them, gravity (g) modes are formed by constructive interferences between progressive internal gravity waves (IGWs), propagating in stellar radiative zones. Our new 3D nonlinear simulations of the interior of a solar-like star allows us to study the excitation, propagation, and dissipation of these waves.
Aims. The aim of this article is to clarify our understanding of the behavior of IGWs in a 3D radiative zone and to provide a clear overview of their properties.
Methods. We use a method of frequency filtering that reveals the path of individual gravity waves of different frequencies in the radiative zone.
Results. We are able to identify the region of propagation of different waves in 2D and 3D, to compare them to the linear raytracing theory and to distinguish between propagative and standing waves (g-modes). We also show that the energy carried by waves is distributed in different planes in the sphere, depending on their azimuthal wave number.
Conclusions. We are able to isolate individual IGWs from a complex spectrum and to study their propagation in space and time. In particular, we highlight in this paper the necessity of studying the propagation of waves in 3D spherical geometry, since the distribution of their energy is not equipartitioned in the sphere.
Key words: hydrodynamics / stars: interiors / Sun: interior / turbulence / waves
© ESO, 2015