Catalogue of representative meteor spectra⋆
Astronomical Institute of Academy of Scieneces,
Fričova 298, 25165
Ondřejov Observatory, Czech
2 Institute of Astronomy, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2, 18000 Prague 8, Czech Republic
Received: 24 September 2014
Accepted: 6 May 2015
Aims. We present a library of low-resolution meteor spectra that includes sporadic meteors, members of minor meteor showers, and major meteor showers. These meteors are in the magnitude range from +2 to −3, corresponding to meteoroid sizes from 1 mm to 10 mm.
Methods. Parallel double-station video observations allowed us to compute heliocentric orbits for all meteors. Most observations were performed during the periods of activity of major meteor showers in the years between 2006 and 2012. Spectra are classified according to relative intensities of the low-temperature emission lines of Mg, Na, and Fe.
Results. Shower meteors were found to be of normal composition, except for Southern δ Aquariids and some members of the Geminid shower, neither of which have Na in the meteor spectra. Variations in Na content are typical for the Geminid shower. Three populations of Na-free mereoroids were identified. The first population are iron meteorites, which have an asteroidal-chondritic origin, but one meteoroid with low perihelion (0.11 AU) was found among the iron meteorites. The second population were Sun-approaching meteoroids in which sodium is depleted by thermal desorption. The third population were Na-free meteoroids of cometary origin. Long exposure to cosmic rays on the surface of comets in the Oort cloud and disintegration of this crust might be the origin of this population of meteoroids.
Key words: meteorites, meteors, meteoroids / catalogs
Spectra (Figs. 17–30) are only, Tables 4–6 are also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/580/A67
© ESO, 2015