Volume 579, July 2015
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||09 July 2015|
The impact of surface dynamo magnetic fields on the solar iron abundance⋆
1 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
2 Main Astronomical Observatory, National Academy of Sciences, 27 Zabolotnogo Street, 03680 Kyiv, Ukraine
3 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
4 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Spain
e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 22 December 2014
Accepted: 9 April 2015
Most chemical abundance determinations ignore that the solar photosphere is significantly magnetized by the ubiquitous presence of a small-scale magnetic field. A recent investigation has suggested that there should be a significant impact on the derived iron abundance, owing to the magnetically induced changes on the photospheric temperature and density structure (indirect effect). The three-dimensional (3D) photospheric models used in that investigation have non-zero net magnetic flux values and stem from magneto-convection simulations without small-scale dynamo action. Here we address the same problem by instead using 3D models of the quiet solar photosphere that result from a state-of-the-art magneto-convection simulation with small-scale dynamo action, where the net magnetic flux is zero. One of these 3D models has negligible magnetization, while the other is characterized by a mean field strength of 160 Gauss in the low photosphere. With such 3D models we carried out spectral synthesis for a large set of Fe i lines to derive abundance corrections, taking the above-mentioned indirect effect and the Zeeman broadening of the intensity profiles (direct effect) into account. We conclude that if the magnetism of the quiet solar photosphere is mainly produced by a small-scale dynamo, then its impact on the determination of the solar iron abundance is negligible.
Key words: line: formation / Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: photosphere / radiative transfer / Sun: atmosphere / Sun: abundances
Table 1 is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2015
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