Centre for Astronomy, Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Informatics,
Nicolaus Copernicus University,
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía 3, 18008 Granada, Spain
3 Michael Adrian Observatorium, Astronomie Stiftung Trebur, 65428 Trebur, Germany
4 University of Applied Sciences, Technische Hochschule Mittelhessen, , 61169 Friedberg, Germany
5 Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tsarigradsko Chausse Blvd., 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria
6 Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitäts-Sternwarte, Schillergässchen 2–3, 07745 Jena, Germany
7 European Space Agency, ESTEC, SRE-S, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands
8 Institute of Applied Physics, Abbe Center of Photonics, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena, Germany
Received: 5 March 2015
Accepted: 23 March 2015
Aims. The transiting hot-Jupiter planet Qatar-1 b exhibits variations in transit times that could be perturbative. A hot Jupiter with a planetary companion on a nearby orbit would constitute an unprecedented planetary configuration, which is important for theories of the formation and evolution of planetary systems. We performed a photometric follow-up campaign to confirm or refute transit timing variations.
Methods. We extend the baseline of transit observations by acquiring 18 new transit light curves acquired with 0.6−2.0 m telescopes. These photometric time series, together with data available in the literature, were analyzed in a homogenous way to derive reliable transit parameters and their uncertainties.
Results. We show that the dataset of transit times is consistent with a linear ephemeris leaving no hint of any periodic variations with a range of 1 min. We find no compelling evidence of a close-in planetary companion to Qatar-1 b. This finding is in line with a paradigm that hot Jupiters are not components of compact multiplanetary systems. Based on dynamical simulations, we place tighter constraints on the mass of any fictitious nearby planet in the system. Furthermore, new transit light curves allowed us to redetermine system parameters with better precision than reported in previous studies. Our values generally agree with previous determinations.
Key words: planets and satellites: individual: Qatar 1b / stars: individual: Qatar 1
Partly based on (1) data collected with telescopes at the Rozhen National Astronomical Observatory and (2) observations obtained with telescopes of the University Observatory Jena, which is operated by the Astrophysical Institute of the Friedrich-Schiller-University.
Tables of light curve data are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/577/A109
© ESO, 2015