Volume 573, January 2015
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||22 December 2014|
XMM-Newton study of 30 Doradus C and a newly identified MCSNR J0536−6913 in the Large Magellanic Cloud⋆,⋆⋆
Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Kepler Center for Astro and
Particle Physics, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen,
2 University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW 1797, Australia
3 Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
4 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße, 85748 Garching, Germany
Received: 8 June 2014
Accepted: 23 September 2014
Aims. We present a detailed study of the superbubble 30 Dor C and the newly identified supernova remnant MCSNR J0536-6913 in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
Methods. All available XMM-Newton data (flare-filtered exposure times of 420 ks EPIC-pn, 556 ks EPIC-MOS1, 614 ks EPIC-MOS2) were used to characterise the thermal X-ray emission in the region. An analysis of the non-thermal X-ray emission is also presented and discussed in the context of emission mechanisms previously suggested in the literature. These data are supplemented by X-ray data from Chandra, optical data from the Magellanic Cloud Emission Line Survey, and radio data from the Australia Telescope Compact Array and the Molonglo Observatory Synthesis Telescope.
Results. The brightest thermal emission towards 30 Dor C was found to be associated with a new supernova remnant, MCSNR J0536−6913. X-ray spectral analysis of MCSNR J0536−6913 suggested an ejecta-dominated remnant with lines of O, Ne, Mg, and Si, and a total 0.3−10 keV X-ray luminosity of ~8 × 1034 erg s-1. Based on derived ejecta abundance ratios, we determined the mass of the stellar progenitor to be either ~18 M⊙ or as high as ≳40 M⊙, though the spectral fits were subject to simplifying assumptions (e.g., uniform temperature and well-mixed ejecta). The thermal emission from the superbubble exhibited enrichment by α-process elements, evidence for a recent core-collapse SNR interaction with the superbubble shell. We detected non-thermal X-ray emission throughout 30 Dor C, with the brightest regions being highly correlated with the Hα and radio shells. We created a non-thermal spectral energy distribution for the north-eastern shell of 30 Dor C which was best-fit with an exponentially cut-off synchrotron model.
Conclusions. Thermal X-ray emission from 30 Dor C is very complex, consisting of a large scale superbubble emission at the eastern shell wall with the brightest emission due to MCSNR J0536−6913. The fact that the non-thermal spectral energy distribution of the superbubble shell was observed to roll-off is further evidence that the non-thermal X-ray emission from 30 Dor C is synchrotron in origin.
Key words: ISM: supernova remnants / ISM: bubbles / Magellanic Clouds / X-rays: ISM
Based on observations obtained with XMM-Newton, an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and NASA.
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014
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