The population of X-ray supernova remnants in the Large Magellanic Cloud⋆
1 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr., 85741 Garching, Germany
2 Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Université Paris Diderot, Service d’Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
3 Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik Tübingen, Universität Tübingen, Sand 1, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
4 University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW 1797, Australia
5 Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Cassilla 603 La Serena, Chile
6 Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, No.1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd, 10617 Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
7 Physics and Astronomy Department, University of New Mexico, MSC 07-4220, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
8 XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, ESA/ESAC, PO Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
9 Columbus State University Coca-Cola Space Science Center, 701 Front Avenue, Colombus, GA 31901, USA
Received: 10 July 2015
Accepted: 28 September 2015
Aims. We present a comprehensive X-ray study of the population of supernova remnants (SNRs) in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Using primarily XMM-Newton observations, we conduct a systematic spectral analysis of LMC SNRs to gain new insight into their evolution and the interplay with their host galaxy.
Methods. We combined all the archival XMM-Newton observations of the LMC with those of our Very Large Programme LMC survey. We produced X-ray images and spectra of 51 SNRs, out of a list of 59 objects compiled from the literature and augmented with newly found objects. Using a careful modelling of the background, we consistently analysed all the X-ray spectra and measure temperatures, luminosities, and chemical compositions. The locations of SNRs are compared to the distributions of stars, cold gas, and warm gas in the LMC, and we investigated the connection between the SNRs and their local environment, characterised by various star formation histories. We tentatively typed all LMC SNRs, in order to constrain the ratio of core-collapse to type Ia SN rates in the LMC. We also compared the column densities derived from X-ray spectra to H i maps, thus probing the three-dimensional structure of the LMC.
Results. This work provides the first homogeneous catalogue of the X-ray spectral properties of SNRs in the LMC. It offers a complete census of LMC remnants whose X-ray emission exhibits Fe K lines (13% of the sample), or reveals the contribution from hot supernova ejecta (39%), which both give clues to the progenitor types. The abundances of O, Ne, Mg, Si, and Fe in the hot phase of the LMC interstellar medium are found to be between 0.2 and 0.5 times the solar values with a lower abundance ratio [α/Fe] than in the Milky Way. The current ratio of core-collapse to type Ia SN rates in the LMC is constrained to NCC/NIa=1.35(-0.24+0.11), which is lower than in local SN surveys and galaxy clusters. Our comparison of the X-ray luminosity functions of SNRs in Local Group galaxies (LMC, SMC, M31, and M33) reveals an intriguing excess of bright objects in the LMC. Finally, we confirm that 30 Doradus and the LMC Bar are offset from the main disc of the LMC to the far and near sides, respectively.
Key words: ISM: supernova remnants / Magellanic Clouds / ISM: abundances / supernovae: general / stars: formation / X-rays: ISM
© ESO, 2016