Volume 569, September 2014
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Published online||24 September 2014|
First observation of the thermal Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect with kinetic inductance detectors
Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Université
Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble ,
53 rue des Martyrs,
2 Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), 38402 Grenoble, France
3 Astronomy Instrumentation Group, University of Cardiff CF10 3XQ, UK
4 Laboratoire AIM, CEA/IRFU, CNRS/INSU, Université Paris Diderot, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette, France
5 Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), CNRS and Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay, France
6 Institut d’Électronique Fondamentale (IEF), Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay, France
7 Institut Néel, CNRS and Université de Grenoble, 25 rue des Martyrs, 38042 Grenoble, France
8 Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), Granada, Spain
9 Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG), CNRS and Université de Grenoble, 38042 Grenoble, France
10 Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
11 CNRS, IRAP, 9 Av. colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
12 University College London, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
13 School of Earth and Space Exploration and Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
14 Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma, Italy
Accepted: 1 July 2014
Context. Clusters of galaxies provide valuable information on the evolution of the Universe and large scale structures. Recent cluster observations via the thermal Sunyaev-Zel’dovich (tSZ) effect have proven to be a powerful tool to detect and study them. In this context, high resolution tSZ observations (~tens of arcsec) are of particular interest to probe intermediate and high redshift clusters.
Aims. Observations of the tSZ effect will be carried out with the millimeter dual-band NIKA2 camera, based on kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs) to be installed at the IRAM 30-m telescope in 2015. To demonstrate the potential of such an instrument, we present tSZ observations with the NIKA camera prototype, consisting of two arrays of 132 and 224 detectors that observe at 140 and 240 GHz with a 18.5 and 12.5 arcsec angular resolution, respectively.
Methods. The cluster RX J1347.5-1145 was observed simultaneously at 140 and 240 GHz. We used a spectral decorrelation technique to remove the atmospheric noise and obtain a map of the cluster at 140 GHz. The efficiency of this procedure has been characterized through realistic simulations of the observations.
Results. The observed 140 GHz map presents a decrement at the cluster position consistent with the tSZ nature of the signal. We used this map to study the pressure distribution of the cluster by fitting a gNFW model to the data. Subtracting this model from the map, we confirm that RX J1347.5-1145 is an ongoing merger, which confirms and complements previous tSZ and X-ray observations.
Conclusions. For the first time, we demonstrate the tSZ capability of KID based instruments. The NIKA2 camera with ~5000 detectors and a 6.5 arcmin field of view will be well-suited for in-depth studies of the intra cluster medium in intermediate to high redshifts, which enables the characterization of recently detected clusters by the Planck satellite.
Key words: instrumentation: detectors / techniques: high angular resolution / galaxies: clusters: individual: RX J1347.5-1145 / galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
© ESO, 2014
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