Volume 597, January 2017
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||12 January 2017|
Non-parametric deprojection of NIKA SZ observations: Pressure distribution in the Planck-discovered cluster PSZ1 G045.85+57.71
1 Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS/IN2P3, 53 avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble, France
2 Laboratoire Lagrange, Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Bd de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
3 Astronomy Instrumentation Group, University of Cardiff, UK
4 Laboratoire AIM, CEA/IRFU, CNRS/INSU, Université Paris Diderot, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette, France
5 Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), CNRS and Université Paris Sud, Orsay, France
6 Institut Néel, CNRS and Université Grenoble Alpes, France
7 Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), Granada, Spain
8 Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), Grenoble, France
9 Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma, Italy
10 Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG), CNRS and Université Grenoble Alpes, France
11 School of Earth and Space Exploration and Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
12 Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), 31028 Toulouse, France
13 CNRS, IRAP, 9 avenue Colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Received: 26 July 2016
Accepted: 10 September 2016
The determination of the thermodynamic properties of clusters of galaxies at intermediate and high redshift can bring new insights into the formation of large-scale structures. It is essential for a robust calibration of the mass-observable scaling relations and their scatter, which are key ingredients for precise cosmology using cluster statistics. Here we illustrate an application of high resolution (<20 arcsec) thermal Sunyaev-Zel’dovich (tSZ) observations by probing the intracluster medium (ICM) of the Planck-discovered galaxy cluster PSZ1 G045.85+57.71 at redshift z = 0.61, using tSZ data obtained with the NIKA camera, which is a dual-band (150 and 260 GHz) instrument operated at the IRAM 30-m telescope. We deproject jointly NIKA and Planck data to extract the electronic pressure distribution from the cluster core (R ~ 0.02 R500) to its outskirts (R ~ 3 R500) non-parametrically for the first time at intermediate redshift. The constraints on the resulting pressure profile allow us to reduce the relative uncertainty on the integrated Compton parameter by a factor of two compared to the Planck value. Combining the tSZ data and the deprojected electronic density profile from XMM-Newton allows us to undertake a hydrostatic mass analysis, for which we study the impact of a spherical model assumption on the total mass estimate. We also investigate the radial temperature and entropy distributions. These data indicate that PSZ1 G045.85+57.71 is a massive (M500 ~ 5.5 × 1014M⊙) cool-core cluster. This work is part of a pilot study aiming at optimizing the treatment of the NIKA2 tSZ large program dedicated to the follow-up of SZ-discovered clusters at intermediate and high redshifts. This study illustrates the potential of NIKA2 to put constraints on thethermodynamic properties and tSZ-scaling relations of these clusters, and demonstrates the excellent synergy between tSZ and X-ray observations of similar angular resolution.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / instrumentation: high angular resolution / cosmology: observations
© ESO, 2017
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