Blobs in recurring extreme-ultraviolet jets⋆
Key Laboratory for Dark Matter and Space Science, Purple Mountain Observatory, CAS, 210008 Nanjing, PR China
Received: 23 February 2014
Accepted: 20 May 2014
Context. Coronal jets are one type of ubiquitous small-scale activity that is caused by magnetic reconnection in the solar corona. They are often associated with cool surges in the chromosphere.
Aims. In this paper, we report our discovery of blobs in the recurrent and homologous jets that occurred at the western edge of the NOAA active region 11259 on 2011 July 22.
Methods. The jets were observed in the seven extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) filters of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly instrument aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory. Using the base-difference images of the six filters (94, 131, 171, 211, 193, and 335 Å), we carried out the differential emission measure (DEM) analyses to explore the thermodynamic evolutions of the jets. The jets were accompanied by cool surges observed in the Hα line center of the ground-based telescope in the Big Bear Solar Observatory.
Results. The jets that had lifetimes of 20−30 min recurred at the same place for three times with an interval of 40−45 min. Interestingly, each of the jets intermittently experienced several upward eruptions at the speed of 120−450 km s-1. After reaching the maximum heights, they returned back to the solar surface, showing near-parabolic trajectories. The falling phases were more evident in the low-T filters than in the high-T filters, indicating that the jets experienced cooling after the onset of eruptions. We identified bright and compact blobs in the jets during their rising phases. The simultaneous presence of blobs in all the EUV filters were consistent with the broad ranges of the DEM profiles of the blobs (5.5 ≤ log T ≤ 7.5), indicating their multi-thermal nature. The median temperatures of the blobs were ~2.3 MK. The blobs that were ~3 Mm in diameter had lifetimes of 24−60 s.
Conclusions. To our knowledge, this is the first report of blobs in coronal jets. We propose that these blobs are plasmoids created by the magnetic reconnection as a result of tearing-mode instability and are ejected out along the jets.
Key words: Sun: chromosphere / Sun: corona / Sun: activity
Movies 1–3 associated to Figs. 1, 3, and 5 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014